La guerra sucia

El vocabulario en Quizlet:

La guerra sucia 1 y 2

La guerra sucia 3 y 4

La guerra sucia 5-8

La guerra sucia 9

La guerra sucia 10-Epílogo


Madres de la Plaza de Mayo – Entrevista

1. La primera mujer (Mujer #1) no comprende por qué el gobierno no les dice dónde están sus hijos. Ella dice que sólo quieren información: ¿dónde están sus hijos?
2. La segunda mujer (Mujer #2) dice que el gobierno no dice la verdad. Ella piensa que el gobierno tiene información, pero el gobierno dice que no tiene información.
3. La tercera mujer (Mujer #3) dice que su hija desapareció. Cuando ella desapareció, estaba embarazada. Esta mujer quiere ver al bebé de su hija.
4. La cuarta mujer (Mujer #4) repite que sólo quieren información sobre sus hijos. Ella está desesperada porque nadie las ayuda. Por eso, ella quiere la ayuda del público.


Videla habla sobre los supuestos “desaparecidos” – 1979

Videla confiesa

Videla – Fuimos crueles

Este video es una parte del documental “El alma de los verdugos”, escrito por el juez Baltazar Garzón en el el ex capitan de la armada Argentina Alfredo Shilingo, CONFIESA los llamados “vuelos de la muerte”, donde explica con toda claridad como se asesinaban a las personas detenidas en la E.S.M.A (Escuela de Mecánica de la Armada).

What part does the U.S. play in all of this?

How was it a part of the problems in El Salvador?  in Argentina?
Escuela de las Américas Parte 1

Escuela de las Américas Parte 2

¿Qué creen ustedes de lo que vieron en estos videos?


Argentina’s Dirty War
Forty years ago, a military coup in Argentina triggered what has since become known as the Dirty War. During the seven-year dictatorship that followed, as many as 30,000 Argentines either disappeared or were killed. In this story, you will hear about human rights activists who want the United States to reveal what it knew about the Dirty War, and about President Obama’s recent trip to Argentina. Listen to learn more about possible U.S. involvement in the Dirty War, and what activists hope to discover from newly declassified government documents.



all things considered
1 Journalist Robert Cox Recalls Work During Argentina’s Dirty War
March 25, 2016 •
President Obama paid tribute to the Argentines who suffered and died during the “Dirty War” starting in the 1970s. Among those he singled out for praise Thursday was journalist Robert Cox, then editor of the Buenos Aires Herald, who helped to reveal the disappearances, torture, and murder of leftists and others under the military junta. NPR’s Robert Siegel talks with Cox about his work during that period.

morning edition
2 Grandmother Finds Grandson, Abducted In Argentina’s Dirty War
August 7, 2014 •
Estela de Carlotto’s grandson was taken as a baby when her daughter was a political prisoner in the 1970s. NPR’s David Greene talks to writer Francisco Goldman, who has chronicled her struggle.

all things considered
3 Architect Of Argentina’s ‘Dirty War’ Dies In Prison
May 17, 2013 •
Jorge Rafael Videla was a former senior commander in the Argentine Army who was the de facto president of Argentina from 1976 to 1981. He came to power in a coup d’etat that deposed Isabel Martinez de Peron. After the return of a representative democratic government, he was prosecuted for large-scale human rights abuses and crimes against humanity that took place under his rule, including kidnappings or “forced disappearance,” widespread torture and extrajudicial murder of activists and political opponents (either real, suspected or alleged) as well as their families, at secret concentration camps.

morning edition
4 DNA Used To Identify Argentina’s ‘Dirty War’ Orphans
March 16, 2012 •
Morning Edition’s Steve Inskeep talks to Francisco Goldman, of The New Yorker, about his article “Children of the Dirty War.'” More than 30 years ago in Argentina, children were stolen from their birth parents. it was a terror campaign waged by the military junta against members of the opposition.

all things considered
5 Argentine ‘Dirty War’ Suspects Await Extradition
July 30, 2003 •
After the end of Argentina’s dictatorship in 1979, amnesty laws exempted the country’s generals from being prosecuted for atrocities committed under their regime. But now 45 key figures in the period known as the “Dirty War” await extradition to Spain, where they will be tried on charges of genocide. Jerome Socolovsky reports.

weekend edition saturday
6 Argentina’s Dirty War Still Haunts Youngest Victims
February 27, 2010 •
From 1976 to 1983, a vicious military dictatorship ruled Argentina. Among its crimes: taking hundreds of babies from their biological parents — political prisoners who then “disappeared.” A group of determined grandmothers has been seeking to identify these stolen orphans.

all things considered
7 Dirty War Orphan Wins Kidnapping Suit
April 5, 2008 •
In Argentina on Friday, a child of dissidents successfully sued her adoptive parents for kidnapping and complicity in her parents’ disappearance during the Dirty War of the 1970s. It’s the first such case brought by an orphan of the Dirty War to make it to Argentina’s criminal courts.

all things considered
8 Argentina Documents
August 21, 2002 •
NPR’s Vicky O’Hara reports from Washington that newly declassified U.S. government documents directly implicate Argentina’s former president Leopoldo Galtieri in a campaign of torture and murder during his country’s so-called “dirty war” of the 1970s and 1980s. The documents show the Argentine junta believed its murderous campaign had the blessing of the U.S. government.

morning edition
9 Chile: 129 To Be Arrested In ‘Dirty War’ Crimes
September 2, 2009 •
A judge in Chile has issued arrest warrants for more than 100 former security officials. They are accused of the worst killings and other human rights violations during the rule of General Augusto Pinochet from 1973 to 1990. Peter Kornbluh, director of the Chile Documentation Project at the National Security Archives in Washington, talks with Ari Shapiro about the crimes committed during the so-called “dirty war.”

all things considered
10 Reunions a Milestone for Argentina’s Stolen Victims
November 11, 2007 •
Nearly 500 children were given away to childless military families, sold on the black market, or abandoned at hospitals during Argentina’s Dirty War. Today, many victims are coming to terms with their past — and their newly discovered families.

all things considered
11 Argentina Moves to Face Past Crimes
June 15, 2005 •
Argentina’s Supreme Court has overturned two amnesty laws that have prevented the prosecution of military officials involved with the nation’s internal “Dirty War.” The decision opens the way for new cases brought for crimes dating back to the 1970s, when thousands of Argentineans were killed. Robert Siegel talks with correspondent Kevin Gray of Reuters.

tell me more
12 The Sentencing Of Argentina’s Last Dictator
April 29, 2010 •
In Argentina, General Reynaldo Bignone, the last de facto president of Argentina’s brutal dictatorship, was sentenced to 25 years in prison. The sentence was for crimes he committed during the country’s “Dirty War” in the 1970’s, including kidnapping, torture and murder. Host Michel Martin speaks with two women who have been profoundly affected by the Argentine dictatorship. Alicia Kozameh was imprisoned for years during the military rule, and both Ines Kuperschmidt’s parents disappeared during those years.

talk of the nation
13 Life In Argentina’s ‘Little School’ Prison Camp
May 20, 2013 •
During Argentina’s so-called Dirty War, thousands were abducted and taken to secret prisons like a place known as “the little school,” where many were tortured and killed. Guest host Jennifer Ludden talks to a former prisoner, Alicia Partnoy, about her disappearance and her time there.

the two-way
14 Justice For Argentina’s ‘Stolen Children;’ 2 Dictators Convicted
July 6, 2012 •
Nearly four decades later, there’s some solace for the families of young women in Argentina who were killed after giving birth under orders from the country’s then-dictators. The women’s babies — Argentina’s “stolen children” — were then handed over to loyal members of the military.

morning edition
15 Opera Pays Tribute to Mothers of the Disappeared
November 13, 2007 •
Several decades after Argentina’s Dirty War, Oscar-award winning Luis Bacalov’s opera The Mother Was There traces the experiences of mothers searching for their children who vanished during the war.

the two-way
16 Former Argentine Dictator Who Oversaw Death Squads Dies At 87
May 17, 2013 •
Jorge Rafael Videla ruled Argentina from 1976-1983 and orchestrated a “Dirty War” against opponents that killed as many as 30,000 people.

all things considered
17 At Last, A Verdict On Argentina’s ‘Stolen Children’
July 6, 2012 •
Former members of Argentina’s junta are convicted of stealing babies from political prisoners in the 1970s and 80s. The landmark case comes after decades of protests by the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, who fought relentlessly to find out the fate of their children and grandchildren.

all things considered
18 Argentine Director At Home In New York
April 15, 2010 •
Argentine filmmaker Juan Jose Campanella directed one of the most acclaimed Latin American films, The Secret in Their Eyes, which won best foreign film at this year’s Oscars. Campanella calls New York home and when he’s not busy writing and directing in Spanish, he’s directing episodes of House, Law and Order and 30 Rock. NPR’s Robert Siegel speaks with Campanella.

19 Documentarian Uncovers Stories Of The ‘Disappeared’
Imagine going to your highschool reunion and finding that many of your classmates have disappeared—just vanished into thin air. For documentary filmmaker Juan Mandelbaum, as for thousands of Argentines who lived during the brutal military dictatorship of the late 70’s, it’s a reality: An Argentine truth commission found that at least 10,000 men, women and children where kidnapped, tortured and murdered. Join host Michel Martin for a conversation with the filmmaker about his most recent documentary on the disappeared in Argentina, and the daughter of one one of his disappeared friends, Ines Kuperschmit.

20 A Society Beaten Down by a Bully
This is Arwa, filling in for Lee while he is out sick. After our Mocha Moms conversation about bullying today, one of our producers, Jasmine Garsd, wanted to share some of her own experiences growing up with bullies…
I was bullied quite a bit growing up, for class, gender and race reasons. I was constantly instructed to “keep a low profile,” by my father.
I should explain that I am of the first Argentine generation to be raised in democracy, after the atrocities of the dictatorship. Like most other Argentines my age, I was raised by a completely beaten down generation. I was raised in a bullied society.
My parents rarely speak about the dictatorship. As a child I felt their fears like touching sharp objects in the dark, trying to make out what they were. Everything I know is pieced together sloppily from overheard conversations. My mother’s earliest childhood memory of military boots entering her house; a family friend taken in the middle of the night by MP’s at gunpoint, never to be seen again; my father telling me he’d be “disappeared.” You don’t understand el miedo (the fear) would be my mother’s complaint when I’d accuse her of being a coward.
I, like most kids of my generation in my country, grew up angry. I grew up feeling my parents were cowards, terrified of the police, terrified of the government. It’s difficult, particularly for a young teenage woman, to believe that no adult has your back.
As I grew into puberty, like all young adults I dealt with bullying. The response I received from the adult world was that I should “stay quiet.” Particularly if the bullying involved an authority figure, I was told “do you know where people who get involved with the authorities end up?” I’d look through my kitchen window at a former concentration camp which had operated in my neighborhood during the dictatorship, and know what was implied.
I think a lot of children of immigrant parents or of beaten down generations experience this feeling of anger at not having protection from bullies. Like many others of my generation, as a teen I started hanging out with the tough kids in my neighborhood, and essentially became a bully. A very important part of this was bullying my elders, letting them know how stupid they were for their fears, and how unafraid I was.
As an adult, I realized how angry I was and decided to confront my parent’s bullies. It’s interesting that it’s been my generation in Argentina has taken it upon themselves to do this. The last time I went home to visit, I did so as a journalist investigating the social effects of the Dirty War. I still have copies of my father’s letters begging me not to do it, because, do you know what happens to people who get involved? I went regardless and spoke to people who were around in the dictatorship, people were important in my upbringing, including my best friend’s dad, who for the first time told me and his family about being in mock executions at a local detention camp. I visited the abandoned concentration camp I used to look at from my kitchen window. I understood for the first time that there is a big difference between cowards and victims. I saw my parents’ fears that I had previously only touched in the dark. And I fully understood that I was raised in a bullied society, which is now finding the strength to fight back.
As I crouched by the tiny window on the top floor of one prisoner ward, I saw my old house a few blocks away. There was graffiti on the prison wall that read, “Que horror!”
It certainly was, for all of us.




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